Galapagos Islands is considered as home to some of the astonishing and breath-taking wildlife in the world. It is basically located in the West Coast of South America. A large number of unique animal species are present in this dynamic island. Following is the list of 10 Endemic Animals of Galapagos Islands.
10. Lava Lizard
Lava lizards live on main Islands of Galapagos. These small reptiles have seven recognized subspecies that are endemic to Galapagos Islands. Generally, they are found in rocky areas of Galapagos Island.
Lava lizards can grow up to a length of 30 centimeters. Male can grow about three times heavier than that of females. This unique creature has pointed head and tapering tails. The color of lava lizard’s change according to age. It actually varies from dark brown to reddish brown. A special pattern of markings is present on a male’s body.
Both male and females become very aggressive in defending their territory against intruders. They feed on different ants, spiders, insects, and snails. The life span of lava lizards ranges from 7 to 10 years.
9. Large Painted Locusts
Largely painted locusts are one of the most beautiful and colorful unique creatures found on Galapagos Islands. They are native to Ecuador Island of Galapagos. Their size is very small and can only grow up to 8 cm in length. Hawks and lava lizards are their main and potential predators.
8. Darwin’s Finches
Darwin’s Finches comes at number 8 in the list of Endemic animals of Galapagos Islands. They are also known as small land birds and are colonized on in the islands of Galapagos. Thirteen various groups of Darwin’s Finches are found in Galapagos. But actually, they don’t belong to any recognized bird family. The size and shape of beak also vary from islands to islands. This unique creature can grow up to 10 to 20 cm in length and have a weight between 10 and 38 grams.
7. Galapagos Mockingbird
It has the medium size and is native to Galapagos Islands. There are four most famous and recognized group of these birds is present in Galapagos. Each of them has a size between 25 and 28 centimeters. Their long tails, long legs, and long beaks are the most prominent features.
6. Flightless Cormorant
Cormorant is among the unusual birds native to Galapagos. The unique thing about them is that they are the only species of Cormorant that lost the ability to fly. Their total population is estimated between 700 and 800. They are endemic to these islands and can grow 30 to 40 inches in length. They contain long legs, long hooked bills, webbed feet and have a weight between 3 and 5 kg.
This unique creature is the only diurnal raptor of these islands. It is extremely famous for its dark plumage and broad wings. They can grow up to 27 inches in length and have a wingspan of 47 inches. They have strong legs and powerful beak which help them in catching the prey.
Penguin is among well-known endemic animals and is recognized by their large bill and narrow white line around the face. They are very beautiful and can grow up to the length of 19 inches. Their weight is around 2.5 kilograms.
3. Galapagos Fur Seal
They are the smallest fur seal living in this world. These little unique creatures are widely distributed in these islands. Its total population is estimated at 38000-40000. They prefer to live in rocky shores of Galapagos. They have a length of 1.5 meters and a weight of up to 65 kg.
2. Marine Iguana
Marine Equana is among those endemic animals whose size varies between Islands. Its length varies between 20 and 50 inches and weight up to 10 kg. Surprisingly their coloration also changes to red or green during mating season. Usually, they are found in black or grey colors. They have potential predators. Hawks and sea birds are their main predators.
Tortoise is leading the list and is one of the longest living animals in the world. Having the average lifespan of 100 years they are now listed as endangered species. Because only 15000 remains today. This unique creature has a length of up to 5 feet and weighs between 250 to 320 kg.